📷 Weekend special - a century of news in Sweden
To: Riedia Readers
|November 19, 2022||Sign Up|
Happy weekend! Today is Saturday 19th November. In this weekend special, we brought you:
Photo exhibition capturing a century of news in Sweden, Swedish unemployment benefit workshop, and this week's Swedish company - Spotify.
See you again on Monday!
– Melker Ferdfelt, Carlos Lago Solas, Xuecong Liu
"Journalism is the first draft of history." - Philip L. Graham
100 years of journalism. 100 years of events, presented as a visual history of news in pictures. What happened, there and then?
"News Flash" is an ongoing exhibition at the Fotografiska museum. A century of news is shown in photos collected by TT Nyhetsbyrån (Sweden’s Central News Agency), capturing the most important events since 1921, when TT was founded, to today.
During its 100 years of journalism, TT has collected over 100 million photos. But not all of them can be shown. This exhibition has been created with the principle of proximity in mind - events and news that are close culturally and geographically are given more space.
Here, a century of events is presented decade by decade.
The First World War was over. The end of the world war, as it was called, which largely spared Sweden, still makes Swedes celebrate by throwing their sorrows into an old sack and singing Swedish ballads.
The "happy twenties" were not so happy for long - crises led to rampant liquor consumption, leading to liquor prohibition in 1922. "Black Thursday" awaited seven years later - the New York stock market crashed. The "happy twenties" came to an abrupt end, and a worldwide depression was a reality.
The Depression lay heavy over the country in the 1930s.
In 1931, Sweden was shaken by the shocks in the Ådalen Valley . When the factory workers' wages were cut, so much so that they could not make ends meet, they went on strike. To give you an idea of what the cut was, it went from 1.18 kr per hour to 1.14 kr per hour, and working conditions deteriorated.
After the strike lasted through the summer of 1931, some 60 strikebreakers arrived on 13 May. The strikers pushed their way into the factory where the strikebreakers were and beat them up. The military was deployed, and 5 people were shot dead during the conflict.
The events were a key moment for the Swedish labor movement. They are considered to be a contributing factor to the Social Democrats winning the 1932 elections, which marked the beginning of a 44-year Social Democratic government.
The Kreuger Crash hit, and Adolf Hitler came to power. A bloody civil war raged in Spain, and the decade ended with the Second World War. Photography became a central part of the news, and dedicated magazines were launched, such as Life and Picture Post .
Sweden prepared for war. Worries were mounting, and the resources were scarce. The “Information Board” ensured that politically inconvenient news did not reach the eyes of the people. Newspapers and magazines were confiscated.
Expressen was born and was the first to report "PEACE ALL OVER EUROPE" in 1945. The horror of concentration camps reached the public eye via the Expressen publication, which was met with controversy.
In August 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Mankind entered the atomic age.
The Cold War was raging, and the nuclear race was on. The Suez crisis led to the massive rationing of oil and petrol. The Soviets took the lead in the space race.
At home in Sweden, exports increased sharply, and prosperity rose. IKEA and Tetra Pak saw the first sunlight, who lived on to be two Swedish classics.
Left-wing winds blew, but that didn't stop Sweden from switching to right-hand traffic on "Dagen H" , 3 September 1967.
Dag Hammarskjöld's Albertina aircraft crashed in the Congo, killing the Swedish UN Secretary-General. The world saw Mao's bloody revolution in China and the Kennedy assassinations in the US, as the war in Vietnam escalated.
A glimmer of light came as 17 African countries gained independence. And the decade ended with the first steps on the moon - Niel Armstrong landed on the Sea of Tranquility in 1969.
The 70s is often described as a "gray transit stretch" in Sweden's history. This was when Carl XVI Gustaf took the throne.
The US saw the Watergate scandal unfold, leading to the resignation of Richard Nixon. And the Vietnam War ended in 1975.
In 1981, the Soviet U137 ran aground in the Karlskrona archipelago. The Baltic Sea, the "Sea of Peace", was not so peaceful.
In 1986, Swedish prime minister Olof Palme was shot dead, which remains an unsolved murder even today. It was not the only shooting in the 80s. Ronald Reagan and the Pope survived, but John Lennon died.
The Berlin Wall fell. A massacre took place in Tiananmen Square. And the decade ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union.
"Hello World". The Internet became a household name along with Google .
The JAS Gripen took off and then crashed spectacularly during the Stockholm Water Festival. MS Estonia sank , and 852 died in the depths of the Baltic Sea. Swedish politician Mona Salin bought Toblerone with a government credit card. Princess Diana died in a car crash.
But once again, there was light in the world of sports - Sweden took home the bronze medal in the 1994 FIFA World Cup.
Michel Jackson became the artist of the century. Obama in the US and Putin in Russia were sworn in. 9/11 and the tsunami were mourned around the world.
The increasingly digital world with mobile phones opened up a whole new format of news. Amateur photography and web TV became part of the landscape.
Terrorist attack recurred around the world, igniting debates in Sweden on journalistic ethics in making money by showing pictures of people in dire situations.
Two bombs exploded in central Stockholm in 2010, and a truck killed five and injured another dozen on Drottninggatan in Stockholm in 2017. In 2011, Norway was hit with terror when two neo-Nazi terrorists killed 77 people. In 2015, ISIS terrorists targeted Charlie Hebdo, and more were killed in Paris and Nice.
The UN highlighted the consequences of global warming. The picture of a lifeless toddler washed up on a beach drew the world’s attention to the refugee wave after World War II.
This decade opened with one of the most eventful years. A drone attack by the US in Baghdad raised fears of a third world war, and some of the biggest wildfires in history ravaged the world. Covid-19 broke out, causing the death of over 6 million people around the world. In April 2020, an asteroid 2 km wide flew by the Earth. And a large warehouse exploded in Beirut in August 2020.
Today in 2022, we are facing a war in Europe, turmoil in Sweden's domestic politics, and sky-high electricity prices.
In all these uncertainties, one thing is certain, the news will not stop coming. In all eternity, there will always be things that need to be told, debated, and revealed.
The above is part of Fotografiska's " News Flash" exhibition on news in the past century presented by the TT News Agency. It covers not only the events, but also the development of journalism both technologically and editorially.
The exhibition is open from 21 October 2022 to 12 February 2023.
Work in Sweden
Are you familiar with A-kassa, government unemployment support, or workers' unions in Sweden? My postdoc friend David was not. He missed out on 40,000 SEK benefits when his contract was discontinued.
It’s unpleasant to get fired, but doing the right things as soon as you start a job can save you a lot, helping you through your unemployment time. Unfortunately, many coming from abroad do not know about it.
Riedia is organizing a workshop on Swedish unemployment this Tuesday at 13:00 , to help you understand all the unemployment benefits here.
Our guest speaker Giancarlo has gone through periods of full-time employment, freelancing, and unemployment in Sweden. And got to know the employment system here inside out. This time, he has brought all the tips and tricks you need to know to best prepare for unemployment in Sweden.
This workshop is for everyone interested in working in Sweden, no matter whether you are looking for a job, just started a job, or lost one. The earlier you prepare for it, the more you could potentially save.
Spotify was founded in 2006 in Stockholm, by Daniel Elk and Martin Lorentzon. They wanted to tackle the growing issue of piracy in the music industry, "The only way to solve the problem was to create a service that was better than piracy and at the same time compensates the music industry."
They first launched in 2008 in the UK, offering a free service with ads and a paid subscription for 10£ per month. Within three years, they gained 1 million paying users in Europe.
It took some time before big rivals started to enter in the market. Apple Music and Youtube Music launched in 2015. By then, Spotify already had 30 million paying subscribers.
Never had positive net income
Spotify's business model has two parts of revenue.
- Freemium with ads and paid subscriptions.
- Spotify for artists: the company pays artists 70% of the revenue generated by their content.
Despite being the largest music streaming service, Spotify has only reported losses since its launch.
The main reasons behind their losses include high staff costs, high acquisitions costs for its podcast service (such as spending $100 million on signing Joe Rogan), and marketing costs. They had $197 million in losses in just Q2 of 2022.
What does the future look like?
Now, they have shifted focus onto podcasts to create a new channel of advertisement revenue and subscriptions. With it comes new features, including video podcasts and Spotify Live, where podcasters can live stream audio. They also acquired more exclusive podcasts to drive the audience to Spotify.
In 2021, their podcasting revenue grew more than 300% to €200 million. However, Spotify says it could still take two years for their podcasts to be profitable.
Made with 💛 in Stockholm
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